THE WHITE TOWER
The White Tower is a defensive structure dated to the 15th century. Later, it was used as a guard's quarters by the Janissaries and as a prison for those who were convicted to death. It was built on the place where an older, Byzantine tower once stood. This Byzantine tower connected the east wall of the fortification of Thessalonike (the part preserved today) with the sea wall, which was demolished in 1866.
The museum in the White Tower contains various collections of sculptures, frescoes, fragments of mosaic floors and wall mosaics, icons, coins, inscriptions, pottery, glass and metal items.
The stairway and the entrance to a floor, after the restoration.
Of the most important exhibits of the museum are:
Fragment of silk cloth woven with gold thread. It was found in a man's grave, in the basilica of Saint Achilleios at Lake Prespa. Dated to the 11th century A.D.
A couple of armlets made of gold and enamel, found in Thessalonike. Dated to the 10th century.
Icon depicting the Virgin with Christ Child. It was probably imported to Thessalonike from Cyprus. Dated to ca. 1200 A.D.
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